Leukapheresis, which is routinely used to isolate white blood cells e.g. for diagnostic purposes. In the 3 days that pass between the extraction of the white blood cells from the patient and the treatment with sipuleucel-T, the mixture is activated by exposing the extracted cells to an engineered protein called PAP-GM-CSF. In this, PAP stands for prostatic acid phosphatase (Uniprot P15309), which is produced in high amounts by metastasized prostate carcinoma cells. Among the cells extracted from the patient are antigen presenting cells which internalize the protein and, after lysosomal processing, present fragments of the proteins in conjunction with the immune stimulatory MHC class II molecules. This complex has an activating effect on all immune cells that have been in contact with PAP. Thus, upon re-infusion, the autologous immune cells promote a clonal growth of immune cells that are specifically active against the PAP-antigen and coordinate an immune response against the tumor cells, which present PAP antigen in abundance. In clinical trials with 512 patients, sipuleucel-T treatment increased patient survival by 4.1 months on average compared to no treatment. Among reported averse side effect are chills, nausea, fatigue and pain. Sipuleucel-T is marketed by Dendreon under the name Provenge. The full prescribing information for sipuleucel-T can be found here.
UniChem new beta interface and web services We are excited to announce that our UniChem beta site will become the default one on the 11th of May. The new system will allow us to better maintain UniChem and to bring new functionality in a more sustainable way. The current interface and web services will still be reachable for a period of time at https://www.ebi.ac.uk/unichem/legacy . In addition to it, the most popular legacy REST endpoints will also remain implemented in the new web services: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/unichem/api/docs#/Legacy Some downtime is expected during the swap. What's new? UniChem’s current API and web application is implemented with a framework version that’s not maintained and the cost of updating it surpasses the cost of rebuilding it. In order to improve stability, security, and support the implementation and fast delivery of new features, we have decided to revamp our user-facing systems using the latest version of widely used and maintained frameworks, i